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Состав лаборатории:

 

заведующий лабораторией

д.б.н., Крюков Вадим Юрьевич

 

 

 

с.н.с., к.б.н. Кривопалов Антон Викторович

 

н.с., к.б.н. Ярославцева Ольга Николаевна

 

н.с., к.с-х.н. Томилова Оксана Григорьевна

 

н.с., к.б.н. Тюрин Максим Викторович

 

лаборант исследователь
Марченко Татьяна Михайловна

 

Основные направления работы

Исследования, проводимые лабораторией, сосредоточены преимущественно на экспериментальном моделировании паразитарных систем, включающих паразитов беспозвоночных: грибов, бактерий, вирусов, паразитоидов, а также ряда паразитических червей.
Основные направления лаборатории включают:
Влияние факторов среды на патогенезы. Влияние паразитов на популяционные и физиологические показатели хозяев.
Анализ механизмов взаимоотношений в трофических цепях. Роль пищевого ресурса в модификации взаимоотношений насекомое-паразит и в динамике численности насекомых. Анализ адаптаций к хозяевам и факторам среды у паразитов с разным уровнем специализации.
Исследование сопряженной эволюции у паразитов и их хозяев (на примере паразитических червей и грызунов, а также насекомых и энтомопатогенных грибов).
Разработка методов регуляции численности фитофагов и гематофагов на основе использования паразитических микроорганизмов. Оценка нецелевых эффектов на водных и наземных беспозвоночных на уровне отдельных таксонов и сообществ. Разработка подходов к биологическому контролю численности экономически значимых видов.

 

Избраные публикациии

 

2020
Noskov Y. A., Kabilov M. R., Polenogova O. V., Yurchenko Y. A., Belevich O. E., Yaroslavtseva O. N., Alikina T. Y., Byvaltsev A. M., Rotskaya U. N., Morozova V. V., Glupov V. V., Kryukov V. Y. A Neurotoxic Insecticide Promotes Fungal Infection in Aedes aegypti Larvae by Altering the Bacterial Community. Microbial Ecology. 2020. doi.org/10.1007/s00248-020-01567-w
Kryukov, V.Y., Kosman, E., Tomilova, O., Polenogova, O., Rotskaya, U., Tyurin, M., Alikina, T., Yaroslavtseva, O., Kabilov, M., Glupov, V. Interplay between Fungal Infection and Bacterial Associates in the Wax Moth Galleria mellonella under Different Temperature Conditions. J. Fungi 2020, V 6 ; 3, 170 doi.org/10.3390/jof6030170.
Kryukov V.Y., Kryukova N.A., Tomilova O.G., Vorontsova Y., Chertkova E., Pervushin A.L., Sepneva I., Glupov V.V., Yaroslavtseva O.N., Comparative analysis of the immune response of the wax moth Galleria mellonella after infection with the fungi Cordyceps militaris and Metarhizium robertsii. Microbial Pathogenesis 2020. V 141, 103995. DOI: 10.1016/j.micpath.2020.103995
Tomilova O.G., Shaldyaeva E.M., Kryukova N.A., Pilipova Y.V., Schmidt N.S., Danilov V.P., Kryukov V.Y., Glupov V.V. . Entomopathogenic fungi decrease Rhizoctonia disease in potato in field conditions. PeerJ 2020 8:e9895 doi.org/10.7717/peerj.9895
Belevich O., Yurchenko Y., Alekseev A., Kotina O., Odeyanko V., Tsentalovich Y., Yanshole L., Kryukov V., Danilov V., Glupov V. Toxic Effects of Fine Plant Powder Impregnated With Avermectins on Mosquito Larvae and nontarget Aquatic Invertebrates Journal of Medical Entomology, 2020. doi: 10.1093/jme/tjaa227

2019
Tomilova O.G., Yaroslavtseva O.N., Ganina M.D., TyurinM.V., Chernyak E.I. Senderskiy I.V., Noskov Y.A.Polenogova O.V., Akhanaev Y.B., Kryukov V.Yu., Glupov V.V., Morozov S.V. Changes in antifungal defence systems during the intermoult period in the Colorado potato beetle. Journal of Insect Physiology. 2019, V. 116. P. 106-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinsphys.2019.05.003
Kryukov V.Y., Kabilov M.R., Smirnova N., Tomilova O.G., Tyurin M.V., Akhanaev Y.B., Polenogova O.V., Danilov V.P., Zhangissina S.K., Alikina T., Yaroslavtseva O.N., Glupov V.V. Bacterial decomposition of insects post-Metarhizium infection: Possible influence on plant growth. Fungal Biology. 2019. V. 123. P. 927-935. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funbio.2019.09.012
Noskov YA, Polenogova OV, Yaroslavtseva ON, Belevich OE, Yurchenko YA, Chertkova EA, Kryukova NA, Kryukov VY, Glupov VV. Combined effect of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium robertsii and avermectins on the survival and immune response of Aedes aegypti larvae. PeerJ. 7:e7931 2019. http://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7931
Polenogova O.V., Kabilov M.R., Tyurin M.V. , Rotskaya U.N. , Krivopalov A.V. , Morozova V.V. , Mozhaitseva K. , Kryukova N.A. , Alikina T. , Kryukov V.Yu., Glupov V.V. Parasitoid envenomation alters the Galleria mellonella midgut microbiota and immunity, thereby promoting fungal infection. Scientific Reports. 2019. 9:4012. doi. 10.1038/s41598-019-40301-6.
Alekseev A., Tyurin M., Khairov K., Kotina O., Odeyanko V, Danilov V., Kryukov V., Glupov V. Characterization and biological action of avermectin granules on the Moroccan Locust, Dociostaurus maroccanus (Orthoptera: Acrididae) J. Econ. Entomol. 2019. V 112(6): P 2663-2669. doi: 10.1093/jee/toz206.
Vlasenko P., Abramov S., Bugmyrin S., Dupal T., Fomenko N.,Gromov A., Zakharov E., Llyashenko V., Kabdolov Z., Artem Tikunov , Vlasov E., Krivopalov A. Geographical distribution and hosts of the cestode Paranoplocephala omphalodes (Hermann, 1783) Luhe, 1910 in Russia and adjacent territories // Parasitol Res 2019. 118(12):3543-3548. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-019-06462-z
Yaroslavtseva O.N., Ageev D.V., Bulyonkova T.M., Kryukov V.Yu. First records of the entomopathogenic fungus Ophiocordyceps variabilis (Petch) Sung et al. from Siberia // Euroasian Entomological Journal. 2019 V. 18 (6) P 379–381.

2018
Kryukov V.Yu, Tomilova O. G., Yaroslavtseva O. N., Wen T.-C., Kryukova N. A., Polenogova O. V., Tokarev Y. S., Glupov V. V. Temperature adaptations of Cordyceps militaris, impact of host thermal biology and immunity on mycosis development // Fungal Ecology 2018. V. 35. P. 98-107. pdf
Krukov V.Yu., Tomilova O.G., Luzina O.A., Yaroslavtseva O.N., Akhanaev Yu.B., Tyurin M.V., Duisembekov B.A, Salakhutdinov N.F., Glupov V.V. Effects of fluorine-containing usnic acid and fungus Beauveria bassiana on the survival and immune-physiological reactions of Colorado potato beetle larvae // Pest Management Science. V. 74. P. 598-606. pdf
Kryukov V., Yaroslavtseva O. N., Whitten M.M.A, Tyurin M. V., Ficken K., Greig C., Melo N.R, Glupov V.V., Dubovskiy I. M., Butt T. Fungal infection dynamics in response to temperature in the lepidopteran insect Galleria mellonella // Insect Science. 2018. V. 25 (3). P. 454-466. pdf
Belevich O., Yurchenko Y., Krivopalov A., Kryukov V., Glupov V. Effects of Metarhizium robertsii on the bloodsucking mosquito Aedes flavescens and non?target predatory insects (Odonata) // Journal of Applied Entomology. 2018. V.142 (6). P. 632-635. pdf
Kryukov V.Yu. , Kryukova N.A., Tyurin M.V., Yaroslavtseva O.N., Glupov V. V. Passive vectoring of entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana among the wax moth Galleria mellonella larvae by the ectoparasitoid Habrobracon hebetor females // Insect Science. 2018. V. 25. P.643-654. pdf
Vorontsova Y.L., Slepneva I.A., Alekseev A.A., Kryukov V.Y., Tyurin M.V., Glupov V.V. The effect of entomopathogenic fungi Metarhizium robertsii of different virulence on the generation of reactive oxygen species in Galleria mellonella larvae // Invertebrate Survival Journal 2018. 15:276-284.
Zha L., Huang S.-K., Xiao Y.-P., Boonmee S., Eungwanichayapant P., McKenzie E., Kryukov V., Wu X.-L., Hyde K., Wen T. An evaluation of common Cordyceps (Ascomycetes) species found in Chinese markets // International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms. 2018. V. 20 N. 12. P. 1149-1162. pdf

2017
Yaroslavtseva O.N., Dubovskiy I.M., Khodyrev V.P., Duisembekov B.A., Kryukov V.Yu., Glupov V.V. Immunological mechanisms of synergy between fungus Metarhizium robertsii and bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. morrisoni on Colorado potato beetle larvae // Journal of Insect Physiology 2017. V. 96. P. 14–20 pdf
Novgorodova T., Kryukov V. Quarantining behaviour of ants towards infected aphids as an antifungal mechanism in ant-aphid interactions // Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 2017. V162 (3) P. 293-301. pdf
Kryukov V., Yaroslavtseva O., Tyurin M., Akhanaev Y., Elisaphenko E., Wen T.-C., Tomilova O., Tokarev Y., Glupov V. Ecological preferences of Metarhizium spp. from Russia and neighboring territories and their activity against Colorado potato beetle larvae // Journal of Invertebrate Pathology (2017) V. 149 . P. 1-7.pdf
Belevich O.E.,• Yurchenko Y.A., Glupov V.V., Kryukov V.Yu. Effect of entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium robertsii on non-target organisms, water bugs (Heteroptera: Corixidae, Naucoridae, Notonectidae) // Applied Entomology and Zoology. 2017. V. 52 (3) pp 439–445 pdf
Kerchev I.A., Kryukova N.A., Kryukov V.Yu., Glupov V.V. Entomoparasitic nematodes Sychnotylenchus sp. (Anguinidae) on the four-eyed fir bark beetle Polygraphus proximus: effects on the host's immunity and its susceptibility to Beauveria bassiana // Invertebrate Survival Journal 14: 324-329, 2017

2016
Tomilova O.G., Kryukov V.Y., Duisembekov B.A., Yaroslavtseva O.N., Tyurin M.V., Kryukova N.A., Skorokhod V., Dubovskiy I.M., Glupov V.V. Immune-physiological aspects of synergy between avermectins and the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium robertsii in Colorado potato beetle larvae. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 2016. 140. pp. 8-15. DOI: 10.1016/j.jip.2016.08.008 pdf
M.V. Tyurin, V.Yu. Kryukov, O.N. Yaroslavtseva, E.A. Elisafenko, I.M.Dubovskiy, V.V. Glupov. Comparative analysis of immune responses in Colorado potato beetle larvae during development of mycoses caused by Metarhizium robertsii, M. brunneum, and M. pemphigi.Journal of Evolutionary Biochemistry and Physiology, 2016, Vol. 52, No. 3, pp. 252—260. pdf
Lavikainen A., Iwaki T., Haukisalmi V., Konyaev S.V., Casiraghi M., Dokuchaev N.E., Galimberti A., Halajian A., Henttonen H., Ichikawa-Seki M., Itagaki T., Krivopalov A.V., Meri S., Morand S., Nareaho A., Olsson G.E., Ribas A., Terefe Y., Nakao M. Reappraisal of Hydatigera taeniaeformis (Batsch, 1786) (Cestoda: Taeniidae) sensu lato with description of Hydatigera kamiyai n. sp. Int J Parasitol. 2016 May;46(5-6):361-74. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpara.2016.01.009. Epub 2016 Mar 5. pdf
Novikov E., Petrovski D., Mak V.. Kondratyuk E., Krivopalov A., Moshkin M. Variability of whipworm infection and humoral immune response in a wild population of mole voles (Ellobius talpinus Pall.). Parasitology Research. 2016 Apr. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-016-5042-1 pdf

2015
Novikov E., Kondratyuk E., Petrovski D., Krivopalov A., Moshkin M. Effects of parasites and antigenic challenge on metabolic rates and thermoregulation in northern red-backed voles (Myodes rutilus). Parasitol Research. 2015 Sep 5. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-015-4691-9 pdf
Kryukov V. Yu., Yaroslavtseva O. N., Surina E. V., Tyurin M. V., Dubovskiy I. M., Glupov V. V. 2015. Immune reactions of the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) larvae under combined treatment of the entomopathogens Cordyceps militaris (L.: Fr.) Link and Beauveria bassiana (Bals.-Criv.) Vuill. // Entomological Review, 2015, Vol. 95, No. 6, pp. 693–698. pdf
Martemyanov V.V., Pavlushin S.V., Dubovskiy I.M., Yushkova Y.V., Morosov S.V., Chernyak E.I., Efimov V.M., Ruuhola T., Glupov V.V. 2015. Asynchrony between Host Plant and Insects Defoliator within a Tritrophic System: The Role of Herbivore Innate Immunity // PLoS ONE 10(6): e0130988. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0130988 pdf
Martemyanov V.V., Pavlushin SV, Dubovskiy I.M., Belousova IA, Yushkova YV, Morosov SV, Chernyak E.I., Glupov V.V. 2015. Leaf Surface Lipophilic Compounds as One of the Factors of Silver Birch Chemical Defense against Larvae of Gypsy Moth. // PLoS ONE 10(3): e0121917. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0121917 pdf

2014
Khodyrev V.P., Dubovskiy I.M., Kryukov V.Y., Glupov V.V. 2014. Susceptibility of Anopheles messeae Fall. and Culex pipiens pipiens L. larvae to entomopathogenic fungi Metarhizium // Contemporary Problems of Ecology №3. P. 435-438. pdf
Kryukov V.Yu., Yaroslavtseva O.N., Dubovskiy I.M., Tyurin M.V., Kryukova N.A., Glupov V.V. 2014. Insecticidal and immunosuppressive effect of ascomycete Cordyceps militaris on the larvae of the colorado potato beetle Leptinotarsa decemlineata // Biology Bulletin 41(3):276–283. pdf

2013
Dubovskiy I.M., Whitten M.M.A., Yaroslavtseva O.N., Greig C., Kryukov V.Y., Grizanova E.V., Mukherjee K., Vilcinskas A., Glupov V.V., Butt T.M. Can Insects Develop Resistance to Insect Pathogenic Fungi? PLoS ONE. 2013. 8(4). pdf
Kryukov V.Yu., Kryukova N.A., Glupov V.V. Susceptibility of Galleria mellonella Larvae to Anamorphic Entomopathogenic Ascomycetes under Envenomation and Parasitization by Habrobracon hebetor. Russian Journal of Ecology, 2013, Vol. 44, No. 1, pp. 89–92. DOI: 10.1134/S1067413613010074 pdf
Konyaev S.V., Yanagida T., Nakao M., Ingovatova G.M., Shoykhet Y.N., Bondarev A.Y., Odnokurtsev V.A., Loskutova K.S., Lukmanova G.I., Dokuchaev N.E., Spiridonov S.E., Alshinecky M.V., Sivkova T.N., Andreyanov O.N., Abramov S.A., Krivopalov A.V., Karpenko S.V., Lopatina N.V., Dupal T.A., Sako Y., Ito A. Genetic diversity of Echinococcus spp. in Russia. Parasitology. 2013. Nov; 140(13):1637-47. pdf
Dubovskiy I.M., Whitten M.M.A., Kryukov V.Y., Yaroslavtseva O.N., Grizanova E.V., Greig C., Mukherjee K., Vilcinskas A., Mitkovets P.V., Glupov V.V., Butt T.M. 2013. More than a colour change: insect melanism, disease resistance and fecundity // Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 280: 20130584. doi 10.1098/rspb.2013.0584280 pdf

2012
Dubovskiy I. M., Slyamova N. D., Kryukov V. Yu., Yaroslavtseva O. N., Levchenko M. V., Belgibaeva A. B., Adilkhankyzy A., Glupov V.V. The activity of nonspecific esterases and glutathione-S-transferase inLocusta migratoria larvae infected with the fungus Metarhizium anisopliae (Ascomycota, Hypocreales) Entomological Review, 2012. V. 92, No. 1, pp. 27-32. pdf
Martemyanov V.V., Dubovskiy I.M., Belousova I.A., Pavlushin S.V., Domrachev D.V., Rantala M.J., Salminen J-P., Bakhvalov S.A., Glupov V.V. Rapid induced resistance of silver birch affects both innate immunity and performance of gypsy moths: the role of plant chemical defenses. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 2012. 6, 507–518. pdf
Martemyanov V.V., Dubovskiy I.M., Rantala M.J., Salminen J-P., Belousova I.A., Pavlushin S.V., Bakhvalov S.A., Glupov V.V. The effects of delay induced response of silver birch on gypsy moth's performance, immune responses and resistance against baculovirus. Journal of chemical ecology, 2012. 38(3):295-305. pdf
Kryukov V.Yu., Yaroslavtseva O.N., Elisaphenko E.A., Mitkovets P.V., Lednev G.R., Duisembekov B.A., Zakian S.M., Glupov V.V. Change in the Temperature Preferences of Beauveria bassiana sensu lato isolates in the Latitude Gradient of Siberia and Kazakhstan. Microbiology. 2012. Vol. 81. No. 4. pp. 453–459. pdf

2011
Dubovskiy I.M., Sliamova N.D., Kryukov V.J.; Jaroslavceva O.N., Levchenko M.V.; Belgibaeva A.B., Adilxankizi A., Glupov V.V. Activity of nonspecific esterases and glutathione S-transferase of Locusta migratoria larvae during fungi infections Metarhizium anisopliae. Russian Journal of Zoology, 2011. 90, V. 11, pp. 1360–1364. pdf
Kryukov V.Yu., Dubovskiy I.M., Yaroslavtseva O.N., Levchenko M.V., Slyamova N.D., Belgibaeva A.B. Khodyrev V.P. , Lednev G.R., Glupov V.V. Analisis of two strategies of entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae. Mycology and Phytopathology, 2011. 44, V2, pp. 164-177.
Kryukov V.Yu., Yaroslavtseva O.N., Lednev G.R., Borisov B. A. Local Epizootics Caused by Teleomorphic Cordycipitoid Fungi (Ascomycota:Hypocreales) in Populations of Forest Lepidopterans and Sawflies of the Summer–Autumn Complex in Siberia. Microbiology, 2011, Vol. 80, No. 2. P. 286–296.

2010
Kryukov V.Yu., Yaroslavtseva O.N., Levchenko M.V., Lednyov G.R., Glupov V.V. Phenotypic Variability of Environmental Isolates of the Entomopathogenic Fungus Beauveria bassiana. Microbiology. 2010. Vol. 79. No. 2. pp. 265–269.

2009
Bakhvalov S.A., Martemyanov V.V., Kukushkina T.A., Vysochina G.I. The Dynamics of Phenolic Compounds and Soluble Sugars in the Leaves of the Silver Birch (Betula pendula Roth) after Defoliation and Their Significance in Entomological Plant Resistance. Biology Bulletin, 2009. Vol. 36, No. 5, pp. 449–454.
Martemyanov V.V., Bakhvalov S.A., Rantala M.J., Dubovskiy I.M., Shul’ts E.E., Belousova I.A., Strel’nikov A.G., and Glupov V.V. 2009 The Response of Gypsy Moth (Lymantria dispar L.) Larvae Infected with Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus to Induced Resistance in Birch (Betula pendula Roth.). Russian Journal of Ecology, Vol. 40, No. 6, pp. 434–439.
Kryukov V.Yu., Khodyrev V.P., Yaroslavtseva O.N., Kamenova A.S., Duisembekov B.A., Glupov V.V. Synergistic action of entomopathogenic Hyphomycetes and the bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. morrisoni in the infection of Colorado Potato Beetle Leptinotarsa decemlineata. Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology. 2009. Vol. 45. No. 5. pp. 511–516.

2008 <
Dubovskiy I.M., Martemyanov B.B., Vorontsova Y.L., Rantala M.J., Gryzanova E.V., Glupov V.V. 2008. Effect of the bacterial infection on the antioxidant activity and lipid peroxidation in the midgut of larvae Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. С.148. 1-5.
Krukov V.J., Martemyanov V.V., Polovinka M.P., Luzina O.A., Dubovskiy I.M., Serebrov V.V., Hodirev V.P., Malarchuk A.A., Gerber O.N., Jaroslavceva O.N., Bojarisheva E.A., Levchenko M.V., Glupov V.V., Salakhutdinov N.F., Tolstikov G.A. 2008. Usnic acid - promising synergist for biopesticide containing entomopathogenic microorganisms. Doklady Biological Sciences. 423, № 2.

2007
Martemyanov, V.V., Bakhvalov S.A.. Interrelationships of plant–insect–parasite systems and their influence on the development and population dynamics of forest defoliators. Eurasian entomology journal, 2007. V. 6. P. 205–221 (Review article in Russian with English summary).
Kryukov V.Yu., Lednyov G.R., Dubovskiy I.M., Serebrov V.V., Levchenko М.А., Khodyrev V.P., Sagitov A.O., Glupov V.V. 2007. New approaches of insect biological control with entomopathogenic hyphomycetes (Deuteromycota, Hyphomycetes). Euroasian Entomological Journal, 6(2): 195–204 + IV (in Russian).

2006
Martemyanov V.V., Bakhvalov S.A., Dubovskiy I.M., Glupov V.V., Salakhutdinov N.F., Tolstikov G.A. 2006. Effect of tannic acid on the development and resistance of the gypsy moth Lymantria dispar L. to viral infection // Doklady Biochemistry and Biophysics V. 409. pp. 219–222.
Bakhvalov S.A., Martemyanov V.V., Shul’ts E.E., Markina Zh.O., Tolstikov G.A.. The response of gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L., Lym., Lep.) to content of phytochemicals in birch (Betula pendula Roth) leaves. // Entomologicheskoe obozrenie – 2006. – V. 65. – P. 753-761. (In Russian with English summary).
Serebrov V.V. , O.N. Gerber, A.A. Malyarchuk, V.V. Martemyanov, A.A. Alekseev, V.V. Glupov. Effect of entomopathogenic fungi on detoxification enzyme activity in greater wax moth Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) and role of detoxification enzymes in development of insect resistance to entomopathogenic fungi // Biology Bulletin. – 2006. –V. 33. – P. 581–586.
Bakhvalov S.A. , V.N. Bakhvalova, V.V. Martemyanov. The role of trophic factor in population dynamics of insects: analysis of the problem // Uspekhi sovremennoj biologii. – 2006. – V. 126. – P. 49–60. (in Russian).

2000-2005
Shul’ts E.E., Bakhvalov S.A., Martemyanov V.V., Petrova T.N., Syromyatnikova I.N., Shakirov M.M., and Tolstikov G.A. Effects of natural and artificial defoliation on the content and composition of extractive substances in birch leaves //Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology, 2005. V. 41. № 1. pp. 94–98.
Glupov V.V., Slepneva I.A., Serebrov V.V., Khvoschevskay M.F., Martem’yanov V.V., Dubovskiy I.M., Khramtsov V.V. Influence of the fungal infection on the production of reactive metabolites and the antioxidant state of haemolymph of Galleria mellonella larvae // Russian Entmol.J., 2003. V.12 P.103-108.
Bakhvalov S.A., Ilyinykh A.V., Jimerikin V.N., Martemjanov V.V. Population dynamics of nun moth (Lymantria monacha L., Lym., Lep.) and gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L., Lym., Lep.): the role of resource and virus infection // Eurasian entomological journal, 2002. 1, №1. P. 101-108.